Natural Resources

Monday, 02 February 2015

Land Resources:
Total natural area of Kien Giang is 626.906 ha, including:
³ Agricultural land : 422.332 ha. 
³ Forestry land : 118.713 ha. 
³ Pecialized land : 41.837 ha. (Transportation, irrigation…) 
³ Inhabitat land : 11.477 ha. 
³ Virgin land : 32.345 ha. 

Generally, the land of Kien Giang province is very favorable for agricultural development and aquaculture. However, in order to constructing industry zones, transportation systems, arranging residents it’s is necessary to consolidate the ground’s base.
In the soil aspect, Kien Giang has some groups of land as follows: 
Alluvium group: distributed mainly in the West of Hau river. This kind of soil is suitable for agricultural production, cultivating many kinds of crops (rice, short-term industrial trees, fruit trees). Fertility content of the soil is fairly high and balanced, there’s little limit in chemical composition of soil for the growth of plants, the structure of alluvium is smooth with its main mechanism is clay, adapting well to fertilizer, having highly unmixed level.
Alum earth group: distributed mainly in Long Xuyen Quadrilateral and in the depression of Ca Mau peninsula center. Typical features of alum earths are: containing high toxin content, having weak structure, quickly cracking up in dry season. It’s possible to divide alum earth into 3 kinds: heavy alum earth, mild alum earth and light alum earth.
Salted soil group: distributed along seaside, under the effect of sea-water infiltration into canal, river systems, salt- washing is happened immediately in the top soil in rainy season. Soil is rich in natural fertility, but there’s high salted content in dry season.
Other soil groups: grey soil, sandy soil, peat, red- yellow soil,… occupy a small area.

  Forestry Resources:
Forestry is a valuable resource of Kien Giang province. In the past time, the duty of planting, looking after, protecting forests is paid much attention, so the area is increased day by day.
The structure of forest trees includes: 38.500 ha of big timber trees, mainly distributed in Phu Quoc island, 2.237 ha of mangrove, concentrated in seaside, 25.711 ha of malaleuca, concentrated in Long Xuyen quadrilateral.
Kien Giang forest plays an important role in restoring fresh water source for Phu Quoc island, protecting ecological environment for Ca Mau Peninsula, having big value in the aspect of researching natural plants and animals, settling conservation sectors and developing ecological tourism.
Currently, it is planned and conserved 2 national gardens in Kien Giang: U Minh Thuong National Garden (21.000 ha) and Phu Quoc National Garden (31.422 ha).

  Fishery Resources:
Diversified and abundant marine resources are found in the coastal area, the edge of sea and the islands of Kien Giang. 
Some main resources can be recognized as follows:
Kien Giang coastal area is a part of southeast sea (Kien Giang and Ca Mau), Kien Giang is located in the Gulf of Thailand, occupying about 21% area of the Gulf ( equally 63.300 The coastal line of Kien Giang stretches from Ha Tien and boders Ca Mau for nearly 200 km. This is an area with many favorable conditions for development.
Kien Giang coatal area is shallow one. The average depth is from 50 to 55m and the deepest place is about 80m. The seabed is rather smooth and sloping with the major subtance of mud and sandy mud.
³ The depth of Kien Giang coastal area:
³ The depth of 0- 20m from the water surface: the area is about, occupying 24, 3%. 
³ The depth of 20- 50m from the water surface: the area is about 33.960, occupying 22,9%. 
³ The depth of 50m upward form the water surface: the area is about 13.900, occupying 22,09%.
The coastal biological system of Kien Giang shares the same chracteristics with the tropical coastal biological system such as diversifying in spieces, growing quickly, being on heat early, and having short life period with wide food network and high productive power.
Kien Giang coastal area has been determined as a key fishing ground. According to FAO Organization and Sea Research Intitude, the reserve of marine resources of southeast sea is about 464.000 tons and the capacity of legal exploitation is equally 44%. Besides shrimp, fish, squid; the southeast sea is also rich in many other precious products. They include: sea cucumber, blood ark shell, sea turtle, pearl oyster, and seaweed used in food processing, drugs...

Kien Giang has a 200km long of coastal line and a thick system of small ditches and rivers. This creates favorable conditions and good environment for raising many sorts of aquaculture:
³ Breeding fresh- water fish in ponds combined in rice fields, and in wetland cajeput forest. 
³ Breeding backish water fish in the sea edge areas. 
³ Rearing fish in cages, rafts (mainly in Phu Quoc and Kien Hai islands). 
³ Rearing aquatic specialists such as sea turtle, pearl oyster, seaweed.

Kien Giang is the unique province in the Mekong Delta having abundant limestone resources, not only valuable in producing construction materials but also meaningful in tourism due to its creating a number of caves and scenic beauty.
There are about 20 limestone mountains in Kien Giang, distributed on an area stretching for 35 km along the sea- shore from Ha Tien town to Kien Luong district. 
The reserves are about 440 million tons, of which the exploitation capacity of industry occupies about 245 million tons. The quality of limestone is relatively good for producing cement. The construction of limestone quarries is not so complicated for exploitation.

The clay used in cement producing distributed in a wide area in Kien Luong- Ba Hon- Hon Chong with big reserves, guaranteed for producing cement for a long time.
The clay in Duong Dong market town, Khu Tuong and Dat Do hamlets (Phu Quoc Island) used in producing China wares.
The clay in Hon Me (Hon Dat district) used in producing heat-proof China wares.

  Construction stone and ashlar facing stone:
Construction stone is mainly distributed in Hon Dat district and Ha Tien town. Its reserves reach up to tens of millions cubic meters. 
Ashlar facing stone is distributed among limestone region, diversified in colors. The reserves are estimated about ten millions cubic meters.
In addition, there’s black amber in Phu Quoc island and granite, quartz in Ha Tien town, available for producing handicraft.